Translanguaging challenges monolingual assumptions that permeate current language education policy and instead treats bilingual discourse as the norm.

Translanguaging refers to pedagogical practices that use bilingualism as resource, rather than ignore it or perceive it as a problem.

Translanguaging goes beyond traditional notions of bilingualism and second language teaching and learning.

Translanguaging describes the practices of all students and educators who use bilingualism as a resource.